FEMA defined Natural disasters and emergencies as unpredictable because they strike without any warning. The Emergency Management programs provide public safety for hindering the underlying unexpected and unalarmed disruptions in operations. In recent times, global disruptions and emergencies have raised the burgeoning need for Emergency Management programs. The topics of Emergency Management intend for achieving safety, environmental and operational goals. It also focuses on the Risk and Reliability Management Programs for catering to the vulnerability against hazards. The study outlines the importance of Emergency Management programs and also discusses ways to manage Emergencies and disasters in the year 2020.
Emergency management programs prepare communities for handling unpredictable and unexpected disasters. NASA has outlined the effects of climate change and predicted that natural calamities would continue throughout the century. The rise in Temperature, Droughts and heat waves, sea level, glaciers melting, Hurricanes and storms will disrupt the environment.
The global Emergency management market is likely to grow at a CAGR of 6.8% from 2019 to 2024. It is associated with the burgeoning climate change, unpredicted natural disasters, and increasing criminal activities. From Hurricane Katrina (2011) to recent Australian Bushfire, climate change is threatening the environmental safety. The global community is curious about managing the emergencies and governments have taken many initiatives for controlling the unpredicted disasters.
Robustness, resourcefulness, rapid recovery and adaptability are critical elements of a resilient emergency management system. The disaster and Emergency management planning encompasses four phases which are; Preparedness, Response, Recovery, and Mitigation.
The online emergency management Degree programs, awareness, and training for minimizing the hazards of emergencies.
Training and actions needed to take in emergencies and to limit the negative consequences and managing its potential hazards.
This phase is more inclined towards public support, government funding, rehabilitation programs and resilient development in Disaster management.
The mitigation of emergencies is somewhat more critical and needs rigorous actions and corrective measures. The phase includes activities aimed to prevent the occurring of future disasters, including public awareness about climate change, sustainable practices, controlling floods through building dams.
The role of technology and data has become highly crucial for enhancing the performance of emergency management. Machine learning, artificial intelligence, the internet of things, blockchain technology and social media are few tools to manage emergencies and mitigating potential hazards.
Following are some ways to manage the emergencies and mitigate its potential hazards:
With the advancement in technology, It has become necessary to design an alarm system that can sense the disruptions proactively. Algorithms have developed to analyze scientific earthquakes with real-time Responses and issue alerts to public safety. The different web platforms served as an innovative tool for managing disaster risks. Also, alert users can predict the intensity of damage based on algorithms and modeling.
Robotics and Drones
With the advancement of technology, Drones and robotics can provide alerts for situational awareness. Robotics can assist humans in reinstalling portions of power grids and restricting the tornado response scenario. Through Drones, human interface and involvement are reduced, and drones can be used as a tool for flyover maneuvers to generate supportive responses and channelizing the communities for volunteering.
The evolution of artificial intelligence is useful for prediction, evaluation, and stimulation of incidents for improvement in response time and helpful for streamlining of the dispatch process of resources. Analytical disaster management helps compute projected damage. Innovation in artificial intelligence will contribute towards disaster management and the technological advances will ensure cybersecurity.
Internet of Things
The evolution of IoT (Internet of Things) will be used in 2020 for the enhancement of the collection of data from the physical atmosphere and rapidly transfer this information to varied departments in the city. Internet of Things (IoT) not only minimizes the risk of disaster occurrences but also prevents the risks by the employment of GIS, Warning system as well as Satellite communication. The Internet of things also provides help for real-time communication for emergency response and disaster recovery.
In 2020, the role of Blockchain technology seems to be profoundly transformational. It is essential to become an evident digital leader. The application of blockchain in emergency management can enhance transparency and interoperability. It will allow the coordination of multiple partners at the time of emergency. It can also provide an immutable record that can be accessed by all. The emergency department across the city can avail of this opportunity for learning about an innovative application for the IT system in the future. Overall, blockchain, IoT and artificial intelligence can enhance the efficiencies and capacities of the emergency management system.
The growing popularity of social media helps to manage emergencies and transmit alerts to the public for safety measures. Social Media not only improves the voluntary participation for disaster management, but it is also a tool for creating public awareness. With Facebook, Katwarn awareness, Twitter lifeline and other programs for virtual communities and channelize their positive contribution through active networking.
Online Management Degree Programs
Need for online Management Degree is facilitated for combating emergencies triggered by climate change, the emergence of Distance Learning, preference of online learning Furthermore, the degree programs encourage the use of Online Emergency Management Degree and prospects under variable dynamics. VCU (Virginia Common Wealth university) has encouraged enrolment in online Emergency Management Degree and attributed them as productive for proactive responsiveness towards emergencies. The degree program provides the guidelines for responsiveness against emergencies. Students will learn new ways of emergency management and will serve the communities in line with governmental initiatives.
Human Awareness and Sustainable Practices
Public awareness of climate change disrupting the operational efficiencies of nature and sustainable practices will complement the purpose of environmental protection. Human initiatives for waste management, recycling, preserving natural resources and sustainable business practices will improve environmental safety and reduce the risk of emergencies and disasters. The market movements for sustainability include waste management; reduced plastic usage is favoring emergency management and prevent ecological degradation. Moreover, human preparedness and volunteering programs are limiting the devastating effects of disasters and emergencies
Climate change and global warming have given rise to emergencies and natural calamities which need immediate actions. The world is encountering unexpected natural and operational emergencies that require management plans. Emergency management plans incorporate proactive preparedness, prompt response, recovery, and mitigation actions. The role of government regulations, human volunteering, and technological implication provide help for managing unexpected disasters. Sustainable practices are beneficial for reducing the likelihood of emergencies and mitigating emergencies in the year 2020.