Prescription drugs is a list of drugs that recommended the doctor to the patient after the patient underwent a series of examinations by doctors of health conditions, which include checking the symptoms, medical history and lifestyle habits or the patient. Prescription drugs are only given to someone who has been examined by a doctor and is specifically for recovering the health condition of that person.
This means that prescription drugs may not be distributed to other people who do not go through a doctor’s examination process even though the type of illness they suffer is the same. This is because each person has a condition of health and the possible history of the disease vary, so the consumption of prescription drugs to the type and dose of the same by people who do not through examination the doctor may not be effective to cure illness, or even can trigger side effects dangerous. In addition, by law, prescription drug can only be written by general practitioners, dentists and specialists.
Prescription drugs are drugs prescribed by a doctor and may consist of drugs from all classes of drugs, including hard drugs, narcotics and psychotropic drugs. Meanwhile, over-the-counter drugs or OTC (over-the-counter) drugs are drugs that can be purchased freely on the market and are relatively safe to use because they have minimal side effects.
How to recognize official prescription drugs
Official prescription drugs are written in the doctor’s handwriting and fulfill all the elements of prescribing the following drugs, including:
Contains the identity of the doctor who wrote the prescription, such as the name of the doctor, the number of the doctor’s license to practice (SIP), the address of the practice, and the telephone number of the doctor or place of practice.
Include patient identity, such as patient name, gender, age, address, and patient phone number. Usually also includes information on the patient’s height and weight.
Contains information on the date of writing the recipe, namely the day, month and year of writing the recipe.
Drug information, including the name of the drug, the form of the drug (pill, capsule, tablet, or syrup), the dosage of the drug, the amount of the drug given, the rules for use, and other additional information such as whether the drug is mandatory or not.
Doctor’s signature or initial, the official doctor’s prescription must have the signature or initial of the doctor who gave the prescription.
Examples of prescription drugs
Prescription drugs can come from any class of drugs. Below are some examples of the types of prescription drugs that are often recommended to patients:
- Pain relievers, such as mefenamic acid or diclofenac sodium
- Levothyroxine, a drug to treat patients with hypothyroid conditions (thyroid hormone deficiency)
- Prednisone, a drug for people with autoimmune conditions, arthritis and muscles, and skin diseases
- Amoxicillin, an antibiotic to kill bacteria that cause infection
- Diazepam, a drug to treat and control seizure symptoms
- Lisinopril, Captopril, or high blood pressure medication
- Atorvastatin, a drug for patients with high cholesterol
- Metformin, a drug for people with type 2 diabetes
- Ondansetron, a drug to prevent nausea and vomiting in patients due to side effects of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy
- Ibuprofen, an anti-inflammatory drug to relieve fever and pain