While the number of people smoking cannabis continues to skyrocket, you may be surprised that many of them may not understand anything about it. The reality that was before different states started easing the limitations on cannabis usage could not allow many of us to google any facts.
Many individuals and institutions are currently striving to understand all there is to know about the marijuana plant. Unfortunately, some of the information out there might be confusing to someone who is trying to figure out the plant. For this reason, it is advisable to conduct in-depth research on marijuana. Apart from the information found on the internet, you can seek additional knowledge from Seed Supreme and other industry experts.
In this article, we are going to learn what is cannabis, its different strains, and gain intricate details into its five major components.
Allow me to expound.
What is cannabis?
Cannabis is a plant that is commonly used by individuals as a medicine or a recreational drug. Cannabis products are derived from the plant’s stems, flowers, leaves, and seeds. All these parts have their benefits with many people devising creative ways to leverage their benefits. For instance, some cannabis users will juice its leaves while others will grind marijuana seeds on their food for their rich nutritional value.
There are different types of cannabis strains.
Let us delve into specifics.
- Acapulco gold
Acapulco Gold is a well-known and highly praised cannabis strain that originated in Acapulco, Mexico. It’s known for causing euphoria and energizing effects. It’s said to help with exhaustion, tension, pain, and nausea, among other things.
- Sour Diesel
Sour diesel is a highly energizing, mood-lifting strain that is perfect for improving your productivity. It also has notable anti-stress and anti-pain properties.
- Bubba Kush
Bubba Kush is a cannabis strain that was developed in the United States. It is a sleepy-inducing and soothing strain. It’s ideal for combating insomnia and allowing you to get some rest. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-stress properties.
- LA Confidential
Another strain that is commonly used to treat insomnia is LA Confidential, which is a soothing and sleep-inducing hybrid. It also has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, making it a popular option among chronic pain sufferers.
- Maui Wowie
Maui Wowie will make you feel extremely relaxed while still allowing you to be energetic and creative. It also helps to minimize exhaustion, so it’s ideal for days when you need to get some work done.
These are some of the most common marijuana strains available in the market. Additionally, we have white widow, northern lights, golden coat, super silver haze, blue dream, and many more.
Components in Marijuana
Over 480 natural components have been identified in the cannabis plant, with 66 being labeled as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are a type of chemical compound that is found in marijuana. They are chemical compounds that, through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), interact with specific receptors in the brain and body to produce a variety of effects. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for controlling appetite, sleep, pain, mood, memory, and other bodily functions.
Euphoric effects are mediated by CB1 receptors, which also play a role in appetite enhancement and pain relief.CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are found in immune cells and help to minimize inflammation. The ECS interacts with naturally occurring cannabinoids like anandamide in the human body, and this same mechanism is responsible for the effects of cannabinoids.
So, what are the five primary components of Marijuana?
- Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA)
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid is a form of cannabis that contains four cannabin (THCA). It is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in unheated cannabis plants is THCA. When the plant is allowed to dry, the THCA slowly transforms to THC, which is accelerated by the sun.
Although further research on the effects of THCA is needed, preclinical studies have discovered that this cannabinoid has anti-spasmodic, anticonvulsant, and anti-insomnia effects on the endocannabinoid system.
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
The antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects of CBC, the second most prevalent compound present in cannabis, are attracting the attention of scientific communities. CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has been found to have a range of medicinal properties. This cannabinoid, like CBD, binds poorly to CB1 and CB2 receptors, resulting in no ‘high’ when ingested. According to recent research, CBC can be a highly effective anti-acne drug. CBC has also been found to prevent tumor development and combat cancer.
- Cannabidiol acid
Cannabidiol Acid (CBDA) is a precursor of the more well-known cannabinoid cannabidiol, which is present in the trichomes of raw cannabis plants (CBD). CBDA converts from its acid form to CBD when heated. The acid group of the CBDA degrades with heat and time, leaving what is known as “activated” CBD behind. Decarboxylation, also known as decarbing, is the mechanism of transforming CBDA to CBD. Although there is not much literature on CBDA alone, a few experiments have discovered that it can assist with nausea and cancer.
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
THC is one of the most common and well-known components present in cannabis plants.
THC, which is known for its psychoactive properties, works similarly to the cannabinoid chemicals generated normally by the body; it binds to CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and induces the release of dopamine, resulting in euphoria. It effectively replaces the natural cannabinoids that our bodies use.
Apart from euphoric effects, THC is also known to increase appetite by causing hunger hormones to be released via receptors in the body. It also plays a key role in managing inflammation.
- Cannabidiol (CBD)
CBD has gotten a lot of coverage because of its medicinal effects. The lack of psychoactive properties of CBD makes it more attractive to certain patients than THC. It does not activate CB1 or CB2 receptors; however, it activates other receptors that have anti-inflammatory properties and cancer cell proliferation.
CBD has been shown to reduce the psychoactive effects of THC, which is why using the two cannabinoids together for therapy is considered beneficial.