Endometriosis is a condition where tissues similar to the endometrium grow outside the uterus. It is often called “endo.” Endometriosis can affect multiple body parts, including ovaries, vagina, cervix, and fallopian tubes. If you want to know more about endometriosis, consult one of the leading doctors in Houston, such as Lauren E. Spoo, MD. In this post, we discuss some of the key aspects worth knowing.
What are the common symptoms?
Probably the most common symptom of endometriosis is pain. Some women have awful pelvic and lower back pain, while others may experience pain during periods. If a patient has endometriosis, the pain only worsens with time. Patients may also experience pain during and after intercourse. Endometriosis can cause pain during bowel movements, and there could be other symptoms, such as spotting between periods. Endometriosis is also one of the leading causes of infertility in women.
How is endometriosis diagnosed?
Your doctor will typically do a pelvic exam to find cysts and scars. In most cases, imaging tests are required to take pictures of the organs to rule out endometriosis. If your doctor finds it necessary, they may order a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
What treatments are available for endometriosis?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for endometriosis, but the symptoms can be treated. Your doctor will usually start with pain medications if you have pain during periods. Many patients also benefit from supplemental hormones and hormone therapy, although the latter is not a fix for endometriosis. Both control pills can prevent pain and discomfort caused by the condition, while in other cases, doctors may recommend gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists. Doctors may also prescribe progestin therapies in some cases, while aromatase inhibitors can also help in reducing estrogen production in the body. If you are trying to get pregnant, your doctor can create a treatment plan accordingly. Removal of the uterus (the procedure is called a hysterectomy) can be considered a last resort. In extreme cases, ovaries can be removed too.
Consulting a doctor
When it comes to endometriosis, management of symptoms is the best approach. Meet an expert gynecologist to know more about endometriosis treatment and infertility. Keep in mind that you can have a normal life with the condition, and with advanced fertility treatments, it is possible to get pregnant. Do not ignore the symptoms and talk to an expert if you suspect endometriosis.