Did you know that one in every three Australians is at the risk of being diagnosed with skin cancer before they hit their 70s? It is estimated that the incidence of this disease will increase in the coming years. This has got to do with the increased life expectancy of Australians. People above 70 are more likely to develop skin cancer than those below 40.
Given this alarming situation, how can you discover you have skin cancer?
Read this helpful article on skin cancer symptoms. Later in this article, we shall talk about the various treatments available. There are majorly three kinds of skin cancer, and each type has different symptoms.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms:
These signs appear when you over-expose your face, neck, and arms to the sun. The main symptoms are:
- Basal cancer cells may make your skin look smooth and pearly.
- Your skin might also have a waxy texture in some places.
- There might be a red lump on your skin, or it might be sunken in the center.
- If you have dark skin, that lump might be pearly brown or black.
- Sometimes your skin might feel itchy and start to bleed.
- You might have a scab or a crust on your skin.
- The wound on your skin takes a long time to heal.
- There might be a flat red spot, which is scaly or crusty.
- There might be a pale, non-healing scar on your skin.
- There might be a painless ulcer on your skin.
If the above-mentioned symptoms are one of them that you have then, you may consider visiting cancer clinics like SunDoctors Clinics for a checkup.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma:
This form of cancer occurs on the face, scalp, neck, torso, lower legs, etc. In this cancer, the skin of these body parts has been damaged by exposure to the sun. SCC occurs in the following parts of dark-toned people- torso, genitals, and areas that have been bruised for a long time. The associated symptoms are:
- Skin looks scaly.
- You have a crusty, hard scab on your skin.
- The skin looks pink or red.
- Your skin is raised in the area which has cancer.
- Your skin is too tender to touch.
- Sometimes your skin starts bleeding.
Please note that basal and squamous skin cancers can be treated easily if discovered early. The third form of cancer is melanoma. It is uncommon but challenging to detect. However, this skin cancer has some symptoms. Those are:
- Change in shape, color or size of an existing mole.
- You have sores or wounds on your skin that do not heal.
- The swelling of your soar or spot goes to other parts of your body.
- Pain, itchiness or tenderness of the skin.
- There is a partial loss of light or blurry vision.
- Bleeding, change of texture, etc. of an existing mole.
There are five different ways to monitor your mole.
- A – The mole has an irregular or Asymmetric shape.
- B – The Border of the mole is not smooth; slightly it is ridged or rough.
- C – The Color of the mole is uneven.
- D – The Diameter of the mole is more significant than an eraser.
- E – The mole is Evolving in texture.
Ways to treat Skin Cancer
- Freezing- The skin cancer cells are frozen by liquid nitrogen. This process makes these cells inert and inactive.
- Boosting the immune systems- Certain drugs like interferon are administered to the patient to increase his immune systems. In some instances, doctors may administer vaccines too,
- Splicing the cancerous area and checking the cancer cells under a microscope.
- Directing a high beam of energy to the affected skin area to kill the malignant cells.
We hope this article has been your comprehensive guide on how to go about detecting and disseminating skin cancer.